The Second Ceasefire will have the same Impact as the First unless Violators are Held Accountable
SNHR has published a report entitled: “The Second Ceasefire will have the same Impact as the First unless Violators are Held Accountable” and affirmed that all violations recorded in the report were by the Syrian regime and its allies.
The report notes that the Cessation of Hostilities statement holds within the reasons for its meltdown which revolves around two fundamental limitations:
First: The Russian government is a sponsoring party to the Cessation of Hostilities statement with the American government. However, Russian forces are actively fighting and siding with the Syrian regime in Syria and have been involved in tens of crimes that constitute war crimes. If Russia was to play the role of a meditator, it should first withdraw its forces and abstain from directly siding with one of the conflict parties.
Second: In case the Russian forces breached the ceasefire, and these breaches were documented, what would be the accountability mechanism in this respect given that Russian forces are a party to the agreement and to the accountability as well? and what is the accountability mechanism for the Syrian regime, the Russian regime’s partner in violating the ceasefire?
Furthermore, the report stresses that no delivery of any aids to the eastern neighborhoods of Aleppo governorate via Al Castello Road were documented even though it was stated in the Cessation of Hostilities statement. Furthermore, the siege hasn’t been lifted on any of the besieged areas and no detainees were released.
This report includes the violations that were documented during the first 48 hours of the Cessation of Hostilities in its first stage which went into effect at 7:00 PM of Monday 12 September 2016 until 7:00 PM of Wednesday 14 September 2016. The violations reached 28 violations all of which were by government forces and its allies.
Fadel Abdul Ghani, chairman of SNHR, says:
“It is undeniable that the Cessation of Hostilities statement of February 2016 has prevented a lot of bloodshed and destruction in the following month March 2016. We indeed have noticed a significant decrease in death toll and destruction mainly because the aerial bombardment by the Russian and Syrian regimes warplanes, which are the main cause of the killing and destruction, have been ceased. We have affirmed repeatedly that by only banning aerial warfare in Syria, 70% of the death toll would be spared.”
The report calls on the joint American-Russian committee to investigate these incidents as soon as possible and to make the findings of these investigations public for the Syrian people. Also, the Committee should prevent the reoccurrence of such violations.
Additionally, the report asserts that the United States of America, The United States of America, being a primary sponsor, should ask the Russian side to pressure on its ally the Syrian regime to cease the violations and breaches that it perpetrated and to start lifting the siege, immediately allow the passage of humanitarian aids, and release detainees.
Also, the report emphasizes that the international community should, in synchronization with the Cessation of Hostilities, work on initiating a political process towards a transitional phase that would result in a democratic regime which will put a real end to the suffering of the Syrian people.