The killing of 49 individuals and not less than 216 breaches in the agreement since it started
SNHR issued its 6th report that recorded the violations of truce which started on 27 February. It recorded 36 breaches which included 24 breaches through military attacks, 11 breaches through arrests operations -at the hands of government forces-, and one breaches of obstructing humanitarian aid.
The report documented 21 breaches through military attacks by government forces. While alleged Russian forces committed one breach. The armed opposition groups committed two breaches, the total of breaches was 216 since the beginning of the truce on February 27.
The report documented the killing of one civilian at the hands of armed opposition groups and two members of armed opposition groups by government forces.
The report questioned the ceasefire and its outcomes since it is sponsored by two states- Russian and the USA-as it is known, Russia cannot take that part since it is a loyal ally to the Syrian regime, who has violated and breached several UNSC resolutions, including articles under VII chapter of the UN and it was not held accountable.
Fadel Abdul Ghani, head of SNHR, stated that: “The international community, represented by the UNSC, knows exactly what it should do to end this circle of violence, however, it resorts to unproductive solutions. We need a political transition that would transform the ruling to a democratic one. We have previously said that after Geneva 1, the bloodshed is not going to end and state administrations will be doomed to failure. ISIL and Iranian militias are filling the space the corrupted Syrian government left. We are with any agreement or resolution that would end the killing and destruction in Syria”
The report indicated that concerning the statements of truce itself the Syrian regime and its Russian accomplice can strike regions under the control of armed opposition in northern of Syria under the pretext of the presence Al Nusra front, even if it is extremely limited, without breaching the ceasefire.
The report documented the bare minimum of what SNHR team was able to document according to its methodology and based on two different sources of information for each incidents. The report depicted the military attacks by all those bound by the truce (government forces, Russian forces, Kurdish self-management, and armed opposition groups) in regions under the control of armed opposition and in regions that are controlled by joint forces of Al Nusra front and the armed opposition groups. The report also did not include any military operations in regions under ISIL’s control.
The report did not record any improvement in the detainees’ situation or releases of women or children by all main conflict parties, while some of regions are still under siege.
The report mentioned that the breaches were distributed according to the governorates as follows: breaches by government forces were: 8 in Lattakia,5 in Damascus suburbs,4 in Hama,3 in Homs and one in Idlib. While it recorded one breach in Hama by alleged Russian forces and two breaches in Aleppo by armed opposition groups.
The breaches of government forces through arrests was distributed as follows: 4 in Damascus, 3 in Damascus suburbs, 2 in Deir Al Zour one in Aleppo and one in Homs.
The report recommended the joint American and Russian committee to investigate those incidents, announce its results to the Syrian people and prevent it from happening again.
The report demanded the international community to correlate the ceasefire with political efforts that would pave the way towards a transitional stage that would result in a democratic regime, which will end the suffering of the Syrian people.
The report indicated that if breaches are still being committed, then that fragile ceasefire may fail at any moment. Since USA is a major advocate for the agreement, then it should persuade the Russian government to cease its airstrikes and pressure its ally the Syrian government to do so.