15 Media Workers Killed in 2018
SNHR has released its report that documents violations against media workers by all parties to the conflict in Syria.
The report notes that all of the parties to the conflict have oppressed journalists and citizen journalists to varying extents, committing crimes qualifying as war crimes against them. The Syrian regime, however, is the party who has perpetrated most of these crimes since March 2011, where the Syrian regime has been responsible for up to 83% as it waged a systematic war on media work, committing hundreds of violations against journalists and citizen journalists, including killing, arrest, and torture in an attempt to conceal the human rights violations that the Syrian people are being subjected to and hide the crimes against Syrian citizens.
According to the report, ISIS, factions from the armed opposition and Self-Management forces resorted to suppressing views as a policy in their areas of control as seen by the wide arrests they made.
The report stresses that a journalist is a civilian individual according to the international humanitarian law regardless of their nationality. Any attack deliberately directed against a journalist is considered a war crime. However, when a media worker gets close to action-heavy zones, they are responsible for their own actions where targeting them in such case would be seen as collateral damage. Also, they would lose the right to protection if they were involved in hostilities.
According to the report’s methodology, a citizen journalist as anyone who plays a significant role in reporting and publishing news. He is not necessarily impartial as a journalist should be. In case a citizen journalist bore arms and was directly engaged in hostilities, he would be no longer deemed a citizen journalist whereas it is possible that he would be referred to as a citizen journalist again, provided he retires completely from military action.
This report draws upon, firstly, the daily, ongoing documentation and monitoring efforts by SNHR team, and on accounts from survivors, eyewitnesses, and local media workers. The report contains two accounts that were collected through speaking directly to eyewitnesses, and not cited from any open sources, in addition to analyzing a large number of the videos and pictures that were posted online or were sent by local activists.
The report notes that May saw a number of agreements that resulted in the Russia-backed Syrian regime forces completely taking over the south region of the capital Damascus, as well as areas in northern suburbs of Homs, as the residents of those areas were forcibly displaced to north Syria. In the wake of those agreements, the rate of bombardment by Syrian-Russian alliance forces on most of the areas have noticeably dropped, which reflected on the civilian death toll, including media workers.
On the other hand, there has been a notable rise in bombing incidents and killing by gunshots in most of the areas which are outside the control of Syrian regime forces.
The report records that 15 media workers have been killed since the start of 2018. Also, the report records that two media workers were killed in May by other parties.
Also, the report documents that one media worker was injured by other parties in the month of May.
Additionally, the report calls on the Security Council to fight impunity policies by referring the case in Syria to the International Criminal Court.
Moreover, the report calls on the Arabic and international media institutions to support their colleagues in the field of media by publishing periodic reports that shed light on their daily suffering and memorialize their sacrifice. Also, they should contact their families to console them.
Finally, the report stresses that all parties have to respect the international humanitarian law in their areas of control with respect to the protection of civilians and especially media workers and their equipment.