More Than 5238 Barrel Bombs Dropped On Syria since the Russian Military Intervention

1428 Barrel Bombs Killed 22 Individuals, including 7 Children and 4 Women in January 2016

5238 Barrel Bombs

I- Introduction:
Unlike the Russian ambassador’s announcement in the United Nations, that the Syrian regime stopped using barrel bombs, however SNHR’s daily documentation proved the contrary. In this monthly report we present documented cases by time, place, and images of the Syrian regime’s use of barrel bombs.
By daily observing and recording violations, after the beginning of the popular protests in March 2011, we found out that first significant use of barrel bombs by government forces (Military forces, security forces, local militias, and foreign Shiite militias) was on Monday 1 October, 2012 in Idlib – Silqean town where a helicopter dropped a barrel bomb on a two-floor residential building which collapsed completely.

It is worth noting that this might not be the first time barrel bombs were used but it was the first time it was used in such a notable manner. The international community was not familiar with that kind of weapon yet. Barrel bombs sometimes weigh quarter of ton and rely on the free fall principle. These barrels are random weapons and locally made, since it is less expensive, causes massive destruction, and causes a great loss of lives. 99% of the casualties are civilians, where the percentage of targeted women and children ranges between 12 and 35%.

The Security Council waited a year and a half before adopting resolution 2139 on 22 February, 2014 which condemned the use of barrel bombs and mentioned it by name: “Demands that all parties immediately cease all attacks against civilians, as well as the indiscriminate employment of weapons in populated areas, including shelling and aerial bombardment, such as the use of barrel bombs” The Syrians welcomed the resolution because it expressed an intention to take further action in the events of incompliance.

full pdf report