Baniyas is the largest district of Tartous Governorate in Syrian cost with an area of 720 km2 , and almost a population of 177.000 , distribute to 105,000 Alawite , 45000 Sunni and 20.000 Christian .
Baniyas is a junction point between the cities of Syrian cost by international highway between Lattakia and Tartous and relates other internal governorates by Al- Qadmus – Misiaf high way ( which are Alawite villages )
Entrances of the city :
Eastern ( Qusor neighborhood ) : inhabited by Alawite sect
North ( Hrison ) : Majority Alawite and Minority Sunni
Southern Entrance is bordered by Thermal Station
Baniyas divided into four districts :
Villages centre district ( Baniyas district ) Multi-denominational
Ar-Rawdah district : Multi-denominational, Christian majority
Al-Anazah district : Alawite
Talin district : Alawite
Villages and municipalities within Baniyas ”
Dahr Mhirz , Qusor , Qawz , Hrison :Multi-denominational, Alawit majority
Ar-Rawdah , Faihaa , Marah :Multi -denominational, Christian majority
Marqab , Alkin , Bustan Alnajar , Wata Albida , Albasia , Ras Alrifa , Basaten , Bayda , Qarer , Adima : Sunni villages
The Report :
We relies in this report on testimonies of few survivors and cite witnesses in addition to several phone calls and tells of more than 7 activities on the ground , but to this moment we couldn’t visit the scene but we’ve asked for and got large number of recordings , photos and videos of survivors’ testimonies and then compared with videos and photos we got via our official email ( you can find attached to our report )
Banyias massacre continued over 3 days started in Thursday 2/5/2013 until 4/5/2013 , each day has its own horrible events
Ethnic cleansing occurred in tow Sunni Districts :
1- Al-Bayda village : in 2/5/2013 a massacre took place in Bayda , SNHR could document by name and photo 263 civilian victims , including 43 children , 28 ladies , all of them from Bayda
2- Ras Alnabaa village : in 4/5/2013 a massacre took place in Ras Alnabaa . SNHR documented 196 civilian victims including 63 children and 43 ladies have been killed by shelling followed by killings and ethnic cleansing
Thus death toll of the ethnic cleansing massacre in Baniyas is 458 civilian citizens ; including 93 children and 71 women
Details about the first massacre : Al-bayda village
It is Systematic that Syrian Government’s Armed Forces punish civilians from any area they clashes with their troops ,
dozens of threats to civilians through loudspeakers in all Syrian territories if shot one bullet against them from any area , then they will exterminate the whole area and as doing that they just want pretext to explode
This acts violate Customary IHRL , the applicable law in armed conflicts:
Rule 1. The parties to the conflict must at all times distinguish between civilians and combatants. Attacks may only be directed against combatants. Attacks must not be directed against civilians.
Rule 2. Acts or threats of violence the primary purpose of which is to spread terror among the civilian population are prohibited.
Rule 6. Civilians are protected against attack, unless and for such time as they take a direct part in hostilities.
Rule 7. The parties to the conflict must at all times distinguish between civilian objects and military objectives. Attacks may only be directed against military objectives. Attacks must not be directed against civilian objects.
Rule 10. Civilian objects are protected against attack, unless and for such time as they are military objectives.
In the early morning on Thursday 02/05/2013 , a small clash occurred on a military checkpoint near Al-Baiyda between few Armed rebel’s fighters and Syrian Government’s Armed Forces
( Noting that Baniyas is one of the most peaceful areas in Syria , cause it is Multi-denominational there is no armed opposition there )
After one or two hours Syrian Government’s Armed Forces surrounded Al-Baiyda town and started the usual three phases before every massacre:
1- Siege , shelling , cut off electricity and communications
3- Extrajudicial killings , slaughter , looting and arrest
According to survived family who fled from death in the massacre , some of them now in Turkey , they said : amid total cut off electricity and communications ; Syrian Government’s Armed Forces shelled the town for several hours , then they started stormed the town accompanied with security forces , Shabiha from the neighboring Alawite villages and members of Lebanese Hezbollah (were recognizable cause of their Lebanese accent ) and begun terribly slaughtering , killing and executing people, using knives , cleavers , edged weapons and even smashing head to death with stones and then they burned many of the corpses .
( noting that inhabitants of AL-Baiyda is almost 6000 people)
A massacre is considered the worst and horrible massacre in the Syrian Revolution History ,they slaughtered , distorted , cut the organs of children and women then burned and then dumped the corpses on top of each other in streets
In the next day : Friday 3/5/2013 , almost at 10.00 am ,again random shilling and missiles on the town , and dozens of people tried to flee across the orchards .
And again stormed the village from Ajamah mountain’s axis , and Marah village’s axis (Christian majority) which didn’t participant in the massacre or didn’t get killed cause a clear orders to kill only Sunni people, then slaughtered citizens with knives , cleavers and field executions lasted to nearly 2 pm , of course prevent Friday prayers ritual.